An Ethnohistorical Dictionary of China by James S Olson

By James S Olson

Considering that Deng Xiaoping's financial reforms all started within the early Nineteen Eighties, the People's Republic of China has rejoined international politics as an international strength. the rustic is probably going to turn into extra open and its inner politics will without doubt have an effect on the remainder of the area. With greater than 1.2 billion humans divided into countless numbers of ethnic teams, all ruled by way of the Han humans, China's politics and its overseas coverage are certain to be laid low with ethnicity and ethnic contention. This publication is designed to provide librarians, scholars, students, and expert readers a prepared reference of history info for studying ethnic occasions in China.

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Large numbers of Bai who are bilingual also speak a Mandarin* dialect. It seems quite certain that the Bais are among the oldest inhabitants of Yunnan Province, but their origins are elusive. Bai ties to Han* people are extensive, and they are considered to be one of China’s most acculturated minority nationalities. , when Qin armies conquered the Kingdom of Bo and took Bo people as slaves. The Bo were the ancestral parents of the Bai. , large numbers of Han settlers began arriving in the Bai homeland.

CHIANG. See QIANG. CH’IANG. See QIANG. CHIEH-PANTO. See TAJIK. CH’I-LAO. See GELAO. CHINESE 43 CHILIN. See OROQEN. CHIN. See JING. CHINESE. In addition to referring to people around the world who are of ethnic Han* descent, the term ‘‘Chinese’’ is a linguistic reference. Discussing the Chinese language, however, is an extremely complicated matter, both linguistically and politically. In the People’s Republic of China (PRC), for example, it is particularly difficult because the government continues to insist that there is only one Chinese language, and that it is divided into a series of dialects.

Muslim clerics were often forced, under the threat of death, to eat pork, a practice strictly forbidden in Islamic religious culture. They were sometimes relocated to communal farms and forced to tend pigs. Mosques were frequently defaced when Red Guard cadres tried to suppress Islam in China. Times are better for Bonan Muslims now, but there is little love lost for the Han. SUGGESTED READINGS: Ma Lingyu, ‘‘The Baoan People’s Search for Identity,’’ China Reconstructs 34 (June 1985), 43–44; Henry G.

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