Air Pollution and Health in Rapidly Developing Countries by Gordon McGranahan, Frank Murray

By Gordon McGranahan, Frank Murray

(Earthscan) Murdoch Univ., Australia. textual content reports fresh advancements within the box and their relevance for public well-being in constructing international locations. provides experiences from Asian, African, and Latin American international locations; and contrasts findings with these from Europe and North the USA. Softcover.

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Lead compounds are widely distributed in the atmosphere, mostly due to the combustion of fuels containing alkyl lead additives. As many countries are reducing the lead content of petroleum fuels, or have practically eliminated lead from fuels, this route of exposure is declining. However, high levels of lead in fuels and increasing vehicle numbers are increasing exposure to lead in some countries. Other important sources of lead in air are the mining and processing of ores and other materials containing lead.

From a policy perspective, it may be preferable to assume that the same relationships apply, unless there is evidence verifying different relationships. This is the logic that WHO adopted in developing these international guidelines. Moreover, the degree of caution that ought to be reflected in air pollution standards is itself a policy decision, and one that is usually best addressed through inclusive and consultative processes, which experts and air pollution guidelines can advise but cannot lead.

Indoor pollution may also require special measures, but strict regulation is likely to be either ineffective or inequitable, and measures targeted to local circumstances may be needed. There is enormous variation in the severity and types of air pollution problems experienced in different locations, and their physical, economic, social and political settings. There is no recipe for air pollution management. However, much can learned from the science of air pollution, the various assessment and management tools that have been developed, and the many air pollution initiatives that have been implemented.

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