A Cultural History of Cuba during the U.S. Occupation, by Marial Iglesias Utset

By Marial Iglesias Utset

During this cultural background of Cuba through the usa' short yet influential career from 1898 to 1902--a key transitional interval following the Spanish-American War--Marial Iglesias Utset sheds gentle at the complicated set of pressures that guided the formation and construction of a burgeoning Cuban nationalism. Drawing on archival and released assets, Iglesias illustrates the method through which Cubans maintained and created their very own culturally correct nationwide symbols within the face of the U.S. profession. Tracing Cuba's efforts to modernize at the side of plans by way of U.S. officers to form the method, Iglesias analyzes, between different issues, the effect of the English language on Spanish utilization; the imposition of North American vacation trips, equivalent to Thanksgiving, rather than conventional Cuban celebrations; the transformation of Havana right into a new city; and the advance of patriotic symbols, together with the Cuban flag, songs, monuments, and ceremonies. Iglesias argues that the Cuban reaction to U.S. imperialism, although mostly serious, certainly concerned components of reliance, lodging, and welcome. particularly, Iglesias argues, Cubans engaged the americans on a number of degrees, and her paintings demonstrates how their ambiguous responses to the U.S. profession formed the cultural transformation that gave upward push to a brand new Cuban nationalism.

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Extra info for A Cultural History of Cuba during the U.S. Occupation, 1898-1902 (Latin America in Translation En Traduccion Em Traducao)

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S. army of occupation, heading up a team of 120 doctors, personally visited homes in the capital to instruct people on the use of drainage pipes, the disposal of waste, and other measures promoting improved hygiene. ” To this end, a large quantity of hardware for improved sanitation was imported from the United States and sold to Havana’s residents at a modest price. According to the local press, the enthusiasm with which health inspectors tackled the problem exceeded the boundaries of common sense.

32 The development that served as everyone’s ideal, the model par excellence of urban chic, was El Vedado, a residential zone founded in the latter years of the nineteenth century that had tripled in size by 1903. In contrast to the baroque gardens of El Cerro, with their luxuriant, overflowing tropical vegetation, the grounds surrounding El Vedado’s new houses were laid out symmetrically, with neat flowerbeds and well-trimmed grass. They bore witness to a change in the organization of space, according to which “order” and “rationality” became the primary virtues.

According to the testimony presented, a group of medical students had been lined up against this wall and executed by a firing squad on 27 November 1871. The students had been unjustly accused of desecrating the tomb of Gonzalo Castañón, a Spanish journalist who — as the war of 1868–78 got under way — became a martyr for the integralist cause. S. development initiative. When integrated into its surroundings, the saved monument injected a nationalistic note into the renovation of the wider area.

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