A Companion to Galician Culture by Helena Miguélez-Carballeira

By Helena Miguélez-Carballeira

Of the entire differentiated areas comprising modern Spain, Galicia is probably the main deeply marked by way of political, financial and cultural inequities during the centuries. probably as a result of absence of a nationally acutely aware neighborhood bourgeoisie and the enduringly colonial buildings informing Spanish-Galician financial and cultural family, strategies of nationwide development within the quarter were patchily profitable. besides the fact that, Galicia's cultural distinctness is definitely recognisable to the observer, from the language spoken within the region---the modern version of previous Galician-Portuguese---to the categorical kinds of the Galician outfitted panorama, with its precise mix of indigenous, imported and hybrid components. the current quantity bargains English-language readers an in-depth creation to the vital elements of Galician cultural heritage, from pre-historical instances to the current day. while cognizance is given to the conventional components of medieval tradition, language, modern historical past and politics, the publication additionally privileges compelling modern views on cinema, structure, the town of Santiago de Compostela and the city features of Galician tradition this present day. Helena Miguélez-Carballeira is a Senior Lecturer in Hispanic stories at Bangor college, and Director of the Centre for Galician stories in Wales

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The cohesion of the verse form in the Galician-Portuguese cantigas thus relies heavily on its reiterative tone and structure. Among the more frequently used features are the coblas capcaudadas (where the first line of a verse rhymes with the last line of the preceding one), the coblas capdenals (stanzas starting with the same word or group of words), the coblas capfinidas (where the first verse of a stanza reuses one or more words from the last verse of the previous stanza), the dobre (where a word is repeated in the same position across several verses), the mordobre (where all the stanzas in the cantiga repeat the same word, albeit with different inflections) and the palavra rima (where one or more words appear in a rhyming position in the same line of every stanza).

A second account of the Trojan War also from the fourteenth century, the Historia Troiana, has been conserved as MS M558 at the Menéndez Pelayo Library in Santander. It is a bilingual manuscript, written initially in Castilian but full of lacunae. A scribe later on filled in the blanks with fragments written in Galician, completing 80 of the 220 folios and creating an independent version of the text contained in the Crónica Troiana which itself overlaps with passages from the General Estoria by Afonso X.

The cantigas de amigo focus on the voice of a woman who expresses delight at her suitor’s love, the amigo, or sorrow at his absence. Given their blend of pre-troubadour and courtly elements, the cantigas de amigo present more variety than the largely homogeneous cantigas de amor. As a result they occasionally emulate aristocratic troubadourism while preserving a popular tone conveyed by their recourse to literary parallelisms (ostensibly, leixaprén) and simple meters (couplets with a refrain, for example).

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