9/11 and the Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. A Chronology and by Tom Lansford Ph.D.

By Tom Lansford Ph.D.

This ebook analyzes the advanced reasons and results of the September eleven, 2001, terrorist assaults either regionally and across the world, and examines the following wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.

• offers insightful prices from modern figures and first files starting from Osama bin Laden's 1998 fatwa opposed to the us to the 2006 Iraq research team Report

• includes 12 biographies starting from Osama bin encumbered to George W. Bush that offer designated history on vital figures from the era

• offers a chronology of occasions from the Nineteen Seventies to the current day, together with occurrences resulting in the September eleven, 2001, assaults and the Iraq War

• incorporates a pick out bibliography of significant works at the September eleven, 2001, assaults; the conflict in Iraq; place of origin defense; and the conflict on terror

• encompasses a certain word list of key words corresponding to "Shiite" and "weapons of mass destruction"

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Additional resources for 9/11 and the Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. A Chronology and Reference Guide

Sample text

The letters originated from within the United States and added to public fears in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, especially since a number of anthrax hoax letters were subsequently mailed. The FBI estimated that the investigation and clean-up after the attacks cost $1 billion. Initial suspicions were that al Qaeda or some other international terrorist group was responsible for the attacks. However, evidence indicated that the letters originated from within the United States. A subsequent investigation concluded that Bruce Ivins, a biodefense researcher, was the most likely perpetrator of the attacks.

The American Response New York Lessons from the 1993 WTC bombing led to improvements in safety and evacuation techniques that saved a considerable number of lives during the 2001 attacks. Emergency responders not only were able to get a large number of people out of the Twin Towers and other buildings of the WTC, but also managed a massive evacuation of the area surrounding the site of the attack. Large sections of Manhattan remained closed over the next weeks, including initially tunnels and bridges, in case of additional attacks.

In 1991, at the end of the Cold War, the Soviet Union broke into a number of smaller countries, including Russia. Bin Laden believed that the demise of the Soviet Union was a result of the country’s defeat in Afghanistan. Overview: The Rise of Osama bin Laden and Global Terrorism The 1991 Persian Gulf War infuriated bin Laden and the al Qaeda leadership. S. and coalition forces to Saudi Arabia, arguing that non-Muslim troops should not be permitted in the Islamic holy land. In addition, bin Laden saw the Gulf War as a modern crusade that pitted Christians against Muslims.

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